Evidence For Ancestry of David Hartzell (1805-1865)By great-great grandson James Dwight Hartsell.
Includes major finds by cousin Thelma Price-Papillo and brother Robert Hartsell.
If printed: Latest version is at www.jdhartsell.com/DavidHartzell/evidence.html.
To print web pages: Set 1" margins all around, View -> Text Size -> Medium
Click here for home page of www.jdhartsell.com
Updated Apr. 7, 2007 (Major rewrite: Franklin County Virginia migration to Ohio/Indiana)
Updated May 12, 2008 (Overviews, more evidence, William Hartsell info, more on Nipp)
Updated Nov. 21, 2008 (Y-DNA match w/John Hartzell desc.; D.A. Hartzell was not Daniel, but David)
Updated Oct. 3, 2010 (Y-DNA match with Leonard Hartzell descendant)
Direct proof of David Hartzell's ancestry has apparently been lost to history. However, we can still prove it indirectly. I think this web page provides sufficient evidence that my ancestor David Hartzell was the son of Adam and Christina (Sink) Hartzell of Franklin County, Virginia. This would mean we have our Hartsell ancestry back to 1580 Switzerland (via Paul Swan's Hartzell Chapter).
On Nov. 19, 2008, via ancestry.com, we found a perfect Y-DNA 46-marker match between myself and Dwight Hartzell, a direct male descendent of Adam Hartzell's son John. In Oct. 2010 I learned of a perfect Y-DNA 46-marker match between myself and Robert Hartzell, a direct male descendant of Adam Hartzell's son Leonard. These DNA matches, coupled with this Evidence document, provides the final proof.
For my detailed "Life of David Hartzell (1805-1865)", go to www.jdhartsell.com/DavidHartzell, or http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jdhartsell/DavidHartzell.
Grave of David and Barbara Hartzell
at Ash Grove Christian Church, Windsor, Illinois.
On east side of church, looking west.
THIS ANALYSIS SUPPLIES EVIDENCE FOR THE FOLLOWING:
Since David Hartzell was born in Virginia in 1805, and arrived unmarried in Indiana FROM Ohio before 1836, we had to find a family that fit this scenario.
The only family found is that of Adam and Christina (Sink) Hartzell. They settled in Franklin County, Virginia shortly after 1799. In the 1810 Virginia Census, there were 3 males in the household under the age of 10. The two youngest were unidentified.
In 1815 the Adam Hartzell family migrated to Ellerton, Montgomery County, Ohio, just southwest of Dayton. The two youngest males were still in the household for the 1820 and 1830 Ohio census. In 1819, George & Susannah (Toney) Hartzell settled in Harrison Township, Union County, Indiana, 12 miles east of Connersville. George was Adam's cousin and apparently a shoemaker. In 1827, George's daughter Catherine married James Alexander. This name is significant.
Adam's brother Abraham had arrived in Ohio in 1798, via Kentucky. As the family frontiersman and wilderness guide, he was likely held in high esteem, and was probably the "Ferdenand" in our family folklore. Adam's brother Frederick bought land near Indianapolis in 1828, another name in our family folklore.
Adam's son Leonard Hartzell moved from Ellerton, Ohio to Rush County, Indiana in 1832. He lived 9 miles from George Nipp. George Nipp was a shoemaker in the winter. David Hartzell was a shoemaker.
David Hartzell married Barbara Nipp in 1836 in Connersville, Fayette County, Indiana. Since Barbara's father remained in Virginia, she was most certainly living with her uncle George Nipp near Rushville, Rush County, Indiana, 18 miles west of Connersville. Fayette County is next to Rush County.
David was surrounded in neighboring counties by Adam's relatives and neighbors from Franklin County, Virginia.
George Hartzell named his first son & daughter John & Catherine presumably after his parents, and his second son Adam. In 1837, David Hartzell named his first son James Alexander Hartzell. James & Catherine Alexander named their 4th son David (1845), and 5th son Adam (1848). Adam's son John named a son David.
NOTICE: Found June 8, 2008 concerning D. A. Hartzell, born 1802 in Virginia:
1840 Cincinnati City Directory
Comprising the names of householders, head of families, and those engaged in business, together with the state or country of their birth, etc.
Hartzell, David A - Va - r 3 b Main & Walnut
From some investigation, I take this to mean born in Virginia, residence on 3rd between Main & Walnut.
This must be the D. A. Hartzell, age 58, in the 1860 Hamilton County Ohio Census.
It doesn't yet change my theory that David had a brother named Daniel.
the Daniel Hartzell connection?
This ties David (and Daniel?) Hartzell to Adam Hartzell through the age
Adam Hartzell family
This ties David Hartzell to Adam Hartzell through the proximity of
This ties David Hartzell to Franklin Co. VA even if we didn't
Franklin County, Virginia
This ties David Hartzell to Adam Hartzell through the Frederick Hartzell
The Y-chromosome is passed from father to son to son to son. It remains identical except for small mutations that creep in over a period of time (like in all DNA). The Y-DNA test looks at specific regions of the Y-chromosome. These regions contain a series of repeating segments, or markers. The test between myself and Dwight Hartzell was for 46 markers. If two males match exactly on all 46 markers, they share a common ancestor within 5 or 6 generations. See ancestry.com's DNA tab for more information.
FIRST, SOME HOUSEKEEPING...
No reliable record has been found naming David as a son of Adam Hartzell. There is wrong information out there that does, and it traces to "The Hartzell Ancestral Line" (See References), author unknown. It is also propagated through Paul Swan's "Hartzell Chapter". A long time ago, the author misread an 1830 Montgomery County, Ohio marriage record for David Hetzel and Margaret Nieval. (See "Margaret Nieval near the end of this web page.) He assumed this David must have been a son of Adam. Wrong! This wrong information has been propagated throughout the internet, including familysearch.org IGI & Pedigree Resource Files, and ancestry.com's Ancestry World Tree. I am ignoring this information and thus had to start with a clean slate.
The same author also misread the marriage of Adam Hetzel to Mary Spiekard in 1821 in Montgomery County, Ohio, calling this the second marriage of Adam Hartzell. Wrong! Thirdly, the author said the George who married Margaret Yaughey in Montgomery County, Ohio in 1834 was Adam's son. Wrong!
A single family note says that a Ferdenand Hartzell was David's father, and this wasted a great deal of time. A descendant of David Hartzell has an old leather-bound family Bible that has written in it "From Daniel Hartsell to David Hartsell to James Hartsell ...". Also written is "Property of Great Grand Father Hartsell".
The name "Ferdenand" came from Sarah (Hartzell) Walden, daughter of David Hartzell, in the 1920's, when Sarah was around 70 years old. Adam Hartzell died about 20 years before Sarah was born. Sarah was 10 when her father David Hartzell died in 1865. For someone with probably only a vague recollection of something she heard as a child, saying "Philip 'n Adam" sounds a little like "Ferdenand". Like "Philip 'n Adam moved to Virginia". Or, "Abraham" sounds a little like "Ferdenand". Adam had a brother named Abraham. Sarah also said David had a brother named Frederick, who we've never found, but there was a Frederick, a brother of Adam, near Indianapolis in 1828. There is a section on this Frederick below.
David's grandson William Webster Hartsell, a lawyer, surely knew about his sister's Bible, and knew that Daniel was not David's father because of his "Ferdinand" notes. All this has led me to believe that Daniel was a brother, uncle or cousin to David, or it was some other Daniel who was not a Hartsell, like David's Indiana neighbors Daniel Guise or Daniel Fiant.
There is more detail below on Ferdinand, and Daniel of the old Bible.
In my experience, errors in census records are not uncommon. I have seen wrong colums marked, and sometimes it seems the census taker guessed ages. For example, David Hartzell was 54 in 1860, but the census taker wrote 52. Also, some census takers were careless in their writing, not clearly writing a person's name. Farther down this web page is an image of a page in the 1830 census with several corrections. Also, with farm houses few and far between, census takers didn't always get everyone. Houses near a township border could also have been easily overlooked.
MORE HOUSEKEEPING: ABRAHAM HEARTSILL FAMILY
Right off the top, this is to eliminate the only alternate possibility for David Hartzell's parents.
The only other family beside Adam Hartzell found with children born in Virginia 1800-1810, was Abraham Heartsill/Hartsell. Abraham was born 1777 in Washington County, Tennessee. He married Mary Norton before 1804 (IGI records say about 1802). His first known child (Delilah) was born in 1804 in Washington Co., TN. His son Hyram was born Mar. 2, 1807 in Saltville, Smyth County, Virginia. His daughter Hannah was born in 1809 in Washington Co., TN.
Washington County, Tennessee is fairly close to Smyth County, Virginia. Washington County is in the eastern tip of Tennessee and is just south of Smyth County in the western tip of Virginia. Blount County is south along the eastern border of Tennessee.
If David Hartzell was part of this family, he would have (and could have) been born after Delilah (1804 Washington Co. TN) and before Hyram (1807 Smyth Co. VA). Sounds reasonable. But,
There is also a George Hartsell born about 1809 in Virginia (1870 Census for Blount Co. TN), and has not been found in any other census year or any familysearch.org records. Hyram and George could have been brothers. George would have had to be a twin of Hannah.
The 1850 Census (Blount Co. TN) shows Hyram Hartsill born in Virginia in 1807.
An IGI record for Hyram Hartsell says he was born Mar. 2, 1807 in Saltville, Smyth County, Virginia, son of Abraham and Mary (Norton) Hartsell.
At www.familysearch.org, you can use the Search tab to search for Abraham Heartsill and spouse Mary Norton. Abraham was born in 1777. Click on Abraham Heartsill under Ancestral File. Then click the Family link for the list of children. Hyram is shown, but not George. I consider these records generally inaccurate, but this one seems reasonable.
1830 Census, Blount Co. TN: 1 male 50-59, Abraham Heartsill b. 1777 TN/NC 1 female 40-49, Mary Heartsill b. 1782 TN AKA Polly? Children: oldest first (earliest born). Names and birth dates are from familysearch.org FGR for Abraham Heartsill and Mary Norton. At genforum.genealogy.com/heartsill/messages/1.html, it states that he moved from Washington County, TN to Blount County, TN around 1814, and that he had 11 children. (married) Delilah b.23 Mar. 1804 TN; married Geo.Madden in 1820 1 male 20-29 b.1800-1810 Hyram? b.2 Mar. 1807 VA; married Amanda Wright in 1837 1 female 20-29 b.1800-1810 Hannah? b.8 May 1809 TN; married John Wallace in 1838 1 male 15-19 b.1811-1815 Abraham? b.4 Sep 1811 married Eliza ~1838 1 female 15-19 b.1811-1815 Mary? b.1813 1 male 10-14 b.1816-1820 Paul? b.21 Feb 1816 1 female 10-14 b.1816-1820 Sarah? b.1818 1 female 5-9 b.1821-1825 Nancy? b.5 May 1820 1 male 5-9 b.1821-1825 ? 1 male 5-9 b.1820-1825 William? b.1823 (1850 census: age 27, still at home) 1 female <5 b.1825-1829 Ruth? b.~1825 1 male <5 b.1825-1829 Abner? b.12 May 1828
This chart is for reference throughout this web page. Adam Hartzell was a grandson of Jacob.
Except for Philip's and Adam's descendants, this chart accounts for MALES, because we are tracking
Hartzells and where they went. Big time gaps in birth dates are because certain daughters are skipped.
PHILIP'S GENERATION ADAM'S GENERATION DAVID'S GENERATION
=================== ================= ==================
b.1716 Ger. |Jonas Hartzell
m.~1740 PA to +-------------------------+
Barbel Ritter |b.1741 PA |Isaac Hartzell
d.1781 PA |m.1763 PA to +-------------------------+
| Catharina Sendi/Santee |b.1764 PA |Thomas Hartzell
|wrote 1816 letter to |moved to Lucerne Co. PA +-------------------------+
| brother Philip | |b.1792 PA
|prominent public figure | |moved to Lucerne Co. PA
|d.1824 PA |Jonas Hartzell
| |killed in War of 1812
| |Jacob Hartzell
|b.1743 PA |ADAM HARTZELL
|m.1765 PA to +-------------------------+
| Christina Barbara |b.~1768 PA |Philip Hartzell
| Kreiling |m.~1786 PA +-------------------------+
|moved: 1792 to Franklin | to Christina Sink |b.~1787 PA
| County, VA |moved ~17xx to Franklin |m.~1809 VA
|d. after 1820 VA | County, VA | to Mary Elizabeth Miller
| |moved 1815 to Montgomery |moved to Miami Co. OH
| | County, OH |may have been in Darke Co.
| |d.after 1830 OH | OH when son Philip born
| | |d.1855 OH
| | |
| | |Catherine "Kate" Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.
| | |m. ___ VA to ___ Bulacher
| | |moved to OH about 1812
| | |d. ___ IN
| | |buried near sister Betsy
| | |
| | |Jacob Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.1790 PA
| | |m.1816 VA
| | | to Hannah Capper
| | |remained in VA
| | |d. VA
| | |
| | |John Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.1793 PA
| | |m.1819 OH to Susannah Heck
| | |In 1850, Susannah in Wabash
| | | Co. IN with son John?
| | |d.1868 OH
| | |
| | |unidentified son: George?
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.1794-1800
| | |
| | |Elizabeth "Betsy" Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.~1798
| | |m.1818 OH to
| | | Moses Rentfrow
| | |moved to Kosciusko Co. IN
| | |d.1881 IN
| | |
| | |Leonard Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.1799 PA
| | |m.~1825 OH
| | | to Delilah Weiss
| | |1832 moved to Rush Co. IN
| | |~1845 moved Wabash Co. IN
| | |d. IA
| | |
| | |Daniel? Hartzell
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b. abt. 1802 VA
| | |
| | |DAVID HARTZELL
| | +-------------------------+
| | |b.1805 VA
| | |m.1836 IN to Barbara Nipp
| | |d.1865 IL
| |Katarina Hartzell
| |b.~1769 |Abeon Mulendore
| |m. ___ PA to +-------------------------+
| | Jacob Mulendore |m.1843 OH
| |went to Ohio in 1802 |
| |d.___ OH
| |Abraham Hartzell
| |b.1771 PA |no children?
| |bought land VA 1796 +-------------------------+
| |m.1796 VA? to Eve Houtz? |
| |(no record of marriage
| | or children)
| |went to Ohio in 1798
| |bought land OH 1805
| |not found in census as
| | head of a household
| |later lived w/nephew John
| |d.1842 Ellerton, OH
| |Maria Margaret Hartzell
| |b.1773 PA |
| |m(1).Andrew Roland 1793
| |m(2).Isacc Hartzell
| |Elizabeth Hartzell
| |b.1778 PA
| |m.Jacob Kinzie 1798
| |Frederick Hartzell
| |b.~1785 PA |Peter Hartzell
| |m.~1810 OH +-------------------------+
| | to Sarah Houghman |b.1811 OH (1860 census)
| |moved to IN ~1828 |moved to Iowa bef. 1860
| |dau. Delilah b. 1828 OH |
| |bought land IN 1828 |Squire L.
| |in Marion Co. IN, 1850 +-------------------------+
| |d.1855 Iowa |b. 1823 OH
| | o
| | o
| |George Hartzell? o
| |Father of Geo. Hartzell
| |born 1812 Ohio?
|b.1745 PA |Jonas Hartzell
|m. 1770 PA to +-------------------------+
| Maria Catherine Klein | |
|d.1818 PA +-------------------------+
|b.1762 PA |Jacob Hartzell
|m. 1781 to +-------------------------
| Catherine Schneider |
|1816 in Allentown,PA |
|d. 1847 PA |John Hartzell
| |Jonas Hartzell
| |Isaac Hartzell
| |George Hartzell
| |b.~1785 PA |(Catherine Hartzell)
| |m.1809 VA to +-------------------------+
| | Susannah Toney |b.1811 VA
| |moved to IN bef. 1820 |m. James Alexander
DAVID HARTZELL - GEORGE HARTZELL - JAMES ALEXANDER CONNECTIONS
Assuming David was a son of Adam, this chart shows how he was connected to George Hartzell and James Alexander of 1820's Union County, Indiana (bottom of chart), to the William Toney family (close neighbor of Philip & Adam Hartzell in Virginia), and to the Sink family in Virginia.
PHILIP HARTZELL ---------------+ 1743-aft.1820 |ADAM HARTZELL +----------------+ |~1765-~1835 |LEONARD HARTZELL (of Rush Co. IN) | m. 1786 +----------------- | York Co. PA | Clue: David Hartzell named his first | |DAVID HARTZELL son James Alexander Hartsell. | +----------------+ | |1805-1865 |JAMES ALEXANDER HARTSELL <<<<<< |b.Franklin Co.VA+----------------- MICHEAL SINK |m. 1836, Fayette|1837-1910 ---------------+ | Co. Indiana |b. Fayette Co, IN 1724- |CHRISTINA SINK | | innkeeper +?---------------+ | |~1766- Barbara Nipp | | ---------------+ Adam Hartzell and Abraham Sink |ABRAHAM SINK 1815-1880 were both born in Northampton Co +----------------- PA at about the same time. |1762- Philip Hartzell and Abraham Sink | both moved in 1792 to Franklin Co |STEPHEN SINK VA and settled near each other. +----------------+ |1759-1835 |FRONY "FANNY" SINK Jesse & Fanny (Sink) Toney +----------------+ moved to Union Co., IN, Stephen Sink lived |~1780- |Susannah Toney near George Hartzell. 12 miles SE of Philip | m. 12/16/1806, +----------------+ Hartzell. | Franklin Co.VA | | | --------------+ | Joseph Neff WILLIAM TONEY | --------------------------------+ | NOTE: There is much erroneous 1727-1804 |JESSE TONEY | information on the internet +----------------+ about the Toney family. William Toney lived roughly |~1780-1839 WNW of Philip Hartzell. His | will gave his land to daughter |SUSANNAH TONEY Susannah, and sons James & +----------------- Jesse. He also named grand- |~1762-1821 daughter Susannah. | |JAMES TONEY (surety for marriage of Susannah +----------------+ to George Hartzell) |1776-1861 | | |SUSANNAH TONEY | +----------------+ JOHN HARTZELL | |~1792- +---------------- | | | |CATHERINE HARTZELL +----------------+ m. 3/28/1809 |~1811-1879 | Franklin Co.VA |b.Franklin Co.VA| | | James & John Hartzell | m. 7/26/1827 | Catherine ----------------+ | Union Co. IN, | named two 1762-1847 | GEORGE HARTZELL | next to Fayette| sons David +?------------------------------------------------+ Co. IN. | and Adam. m. 1781 | ~1785-1830 | Catherine Schneider d. Union Co. IN | ----------------+ JAMES ALEXANDER | <<<<<< In 1810, George is listed eight ----------------+ households from Adam. George named ~1810-1867 3 children John, Catherine, and Adam.
Here is roughly the orientation of the Indiana-Illinois counties in which we will be
interested; left is West:
EXPANSION OF THE OVERVIEW GIVEN ABOVE:
David Hartzell went to Indiana from Ohio before 1836. He married Barbara Nipp in Connersville, Indiana, on May 15, 1836. This is our stake in the ground, our line in the sand. May 15, 1836 is the earliest known record of the whereabouts of David Hartzell (beside being born in Virginia and coming from Ohio). At this time, David was surrounded in neighboring counties by Adam Hartzell's brothers, sisters, cousins, children, and people from Franklin County, Virginia. We have not been able to fit David Hartzell into any other family.
David and Barbara were married by George Harlan, M.G. (regularly ordained minister of the gospel in the Church of Christ). Rev. Harlan lived in Connersville Township, so the marriage was probably at the Christian Church at what is now 5th and Water, in Connersville. David and Barbara named their first son James Alexander Hartzell, which is significant. By occupation, David was a shoemaker.
A big question is where & when they met, to be married in Connersville.
I don't know how long couples usually courted back then, but in the summer of 1834, Barbara Nipp was 18 years old, and David was 28. I would say this is about the earliest that David would take a shine to Barbara, considering their age difference and enough time to get aquainted. Barbara had arrived in Indiana in 1831, age 15, and surely lived with her uncle George Nipp. Barbara's father Phillip remained in Virginia, because records show he was under county welfare, and apparently too poor to care for her. Uncle George Nipp was living in Rushville Township, Rush County, just northeast of the town of Rushville. George Nipp was a shoemaker in the winter, and a farmer in the summer.
So now we have David somehow being in Rush County by 1835 to find Barbara. What could have brought him here?
In 1828, Adam Hartzell's brother Frederick settled in Marion County, Indiana (Indianapolis area).
Fifteen miles east of Connersville, Adam Hartzell's cousin George Hartzell was living in Harrison Township, Union County, Indiana, just east of the town of Kitchell. George was apparently a shoemaker because of "lots of" shoemaking tools in his estate when he died in late 1830. Could George be David's second cousin? George's daughter Catherine, lo and behold, married a man named James Alexander. James and Catherine named two of their sons David and Adam. This is extremely significant.
In 1830, Adam Hartzell and his sons John & Leonard were living near each other in Jefferson Township, Montgomery County, Ohio. In Adam's household were 2 males 20-29 years old (see census taker's presumed error below). One could be David, plus another unknown male who also shows up in 1810 and 1820, still at home with their aging parents (60-69 years old). I now think this other male was a brother of David, a Daniel Hartzell, the name in the old leather Bible, or William. See below at the heading "Daniel Hartzell, the name in the old Bible?".
In 1832, Leonard moved to Rush County, Indiana. Something must have happened in Ohio, like his parents dying, to trigger this move. Leonard's daughter Susanna was born in 1831 in Ohio. In Sept. 1832, Leonard bought land in the northern part of Rush County, Center Township, 2.5 miles east of Carthage, Indiana, and about 9 miles north of the town of Rushville. Why did he move at this time? Had both his parents died? Maybe in the cholera epidemic? Did he inherit some money? Why 65 miles from "home"? Had to go that far to find affordable land?
With Leonard about 9 miles from George Nipp, could Leonard be David's brother? Is this how David came to be in Rush County? Could the Hartzell's and Nipp's be attending the same church? Is this how David met Barbara?
So how about a connection to Franklin County, Virginia?
In 1809, George Hartzell married Susannah Toney in Franklin County, Virginia. The Toney's lived in the Blackwater River Valley of Franklin County, in the east foothills of Cahas Mountain and 5 miles east of Boone's Mill, Virginia. So did Adam Hartzell, close to cousin George in 1810. It is likely that George lived with Adam before his marriage in 1809. George was young enough to be considered more of a son than a cousin, and like an older brother to Adam's children. In fact, George named his second son Adam (after naming his first son after his father John, and his first daughter after his mother Catherine). This is a significant clue. Around that time, there was a migration of members of the Church of the Brethren from the Blackwater River Valley of Virginia mostly to the Miami River Valley near Dayton, Ohio (Montgomery County). Some went to Preble County, Ohio, and Union County, Indiana. In Union County they formed The Four Mile Church. It was on the southwest corner of George Hartzell's land. The Toney's first arrived before 1810, and George had arrived before 1820.
Could George Hartzell be the reason Leonard (and David) headed west into Fayette and Union Counties? By 1832 they had to go farther west for affordable land.
There is one more pulling influence on Leonard Hartzell. Adam Hartzell's brother Frederick had arrived in Butler County, Ohio before 1810. In 1828, Frederick bought land in Marion County, Indiana, near Indianapolis. He was an uncle to Leonard.
For more on David Hartzell's life, and after 1836, see my "Life of David Hartzell 1805-1865".
TIMELINE FOR WHAT WE HAVE SO FAR:
(Refer to the genealogy chart above to keep the names straight, plus the map of early Franklin County Virginia farther down this web page.) Notice the large interaction of Franklin County, Virginia families and the same families that migrated to the same general area in Ohio and Indiana, west of Dayton, Ohio.
Spelling:All variations were searched: Hartzel, Hertzel, Hirtzel, Heartzel, Hersel, with "z" or "s" and one or two "l's". In the records, David's name has been spelled Hartzell, Hartzel, Hartsell, and Hartsel. Always "Hart...". In the 1816 letter from Adam's uncle Jonas to Adam's father Philip, spelling was clearly "Hartzell".
The Quest:Since at least 1970 I have been off-and-on searching specifically for David Hartzell's parents. This has been my central focus while searching everything around David hoping for clues. My 2nd cousin Thelma and my dad's cousin Don also did a lot of searching, and Don being of my dad's generation had access to earlier generations. In 1973 I found the 1810 Franklin County, Virginia family of Adam Hartzell with three sons under ten years old, but we were looking for a Ferdenand Hartzell, thanks to misleading family folklore (see below). In the years following, I learned so much about David's life after his 1836 marriage that I even knew the names of the kids that his kids played with in 1850, and where he lived in 1840 before he owned land. Thirty years later, in 2001, I came across that wrong information mentioned above on David Hartzell. Two or three years later I found out it was David Hetzel, but in the meantime many things fell into place to make me feel, in spite of that wrong information, I had finally found David's parents. I will keep looking for absolute proof the rest of my life, but it feels right to me that we finally have David's correct ancestry.
Online access to census records:Finally, in 2006, I had internet access to all the census record images, complete with search, through ancestry.com and the Heritage Quest Online Database. I did in months what used to take years. It was an internet blitz trying to prove/disprove Adam Hartzell as being David's father.
Any Hartzell family in Virginia in 1800:Since the 1800 Virginia Census had been destroyed, the online Tax List serves as a substitute. At this writing, it is only from personal property records, not land tax records. It covers 65 out of 91 counties for 1800 Virginia. See link on my home page "1790/1800 Virginia Tax Lists".
Using the web page's search facility, I checked for all spellings of Hartzell.
Philip's son Adam Hartzell is not listed. This suggests he was still in Pennsylvania, and validates that his son Leonard WAS born in Pennsylvania (1799). Adam was in Franklin County VA by 1810.
Philip's son Abraham Hartzell is not listed, as expected. He had gone to Kentucky before 1798, then to Ohio around 1798.
This Tax List shows the only Hartzell in Virginia in 1799 was Philip.
Any Hartzell born in Virginia around 1805:In the 1810 Virginia Census, the only family found with a male child David's age (4) was in Franklin County, Virginia, in the household of Adam Heartsell. There were 3 males under 10 years old. This is the family described in Paul Swan's Hartzell Chapter (see References at the bottom). For the males under 10, one must be Leonard, one is unidentified, and one could be David.
There is always the possibility that a Hartzell family settled in Virgina and left before the 1810 Census.
In 2006, through an ancestry.com subscription, I could finally scan all of the pertinent U.S. census records on the internet. If my ancestor David Hartzell belonged to some other family, there could be a brother born in Virginia 1790-1820. Or, he could be an unindentified son of Adam Hartzell. Assuming a brother was still alive in 1850-1880 (which shows place of birth), I searched those years for any Hartzell (all spellings) born in Virginia.
I found the following:
1850: Hartsell, David, Waterloo Twp., Fayette Co., IN, b. 1805 VA.
1860: Hartzell, D. A., Storrs Twp., Hamilton Co., OH, b. 1802 VA. (David A.)
1850: Hartsill, Hyram, District 10, Blount Co., TN, b. 1807 VA. (indexed as Hartsell)
1870: Hartsell, George, District 8, Blount Co., TN, b. 1809 VA.
In the following, I at first thought D. A. Hartzell might be Daniel. He was born the right time, born in the right state, spelled right, and in the right area as an adult. Very intriguing but only a coincidence. In the 1860 Ohio Census, D. A. Hartzell was age 58 (born 1802) in Virginia. By ages of Adam Hartzell's unidentified son in the 1810, 1820, 1830 census, he would have been born from 1800 to 1802. His birth, in Virginia, was just right. In 1860 he was in Storrs Township, Hamilton County, Ohio (Cincinnatti area, southwest of Dayton). That township no longer exists. It is now known as Lower Price Hill, in southwest Cincinnati, on the Ohio River. He was keeper of a boarding house, and no wife was listed. He was only 40 miles south of Adam Hartzell's location of Ellerton, Montgomery County, Ohio. Even after many Google searches in the internet, nothing else has been found on him. In the 1850 and 1870 Census there is no D. Hartzell or Daniel Hartzell born anywhere 1801-1803. In 1840, D. A. Hartzell must not have been married and/or head of a household.
Hyram/George Hartsell/Heartsill is covered above in the housekeeping section.
Male Hartzells born PA/VA 1800-1810 (U.S. Census):This list is here for reference, and to show how few there were born in Virginia. Soundex spelling was used in the ancestry.com census search.
YEAR: LAST, FIRST TOWNSHIP COUNTY STATE BIRTH PA/VA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850: Hartzell, Abram District 37 Rock Island IL b.~1806 PA 1850: Hartzell, Adam Easton Northampton PA b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzell, David Nescopeck Luzerne PA b.~1806 PA 1850: Hartzell, David Baltimore Ward 14 Baltimore MD b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartzell, George Paris Portage OH b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzell, Henry Deerfield Portage OH b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzell, Henry Adams Darke OH b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartzell, Henry Paris Stark OH b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzell, Isaac Lexington Stark OH b.~1803 PA 1850: Hartzell, John Easton Northampton PA b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartzell, John District 1 Baltimore MD b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzell, Jonas Greenville Darke OH b.~1803 PA 1850: Hartzell, Jonas Willistown Chester PA b.~1800 PA 1850: Hartzell, Michael District 37 Rock Island IL b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzell, Phillip Greenville Darke OH b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzell, Samuel Nescopeck Luzerne PA b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzel, Daniel Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1804 PA 1850: Hartzel, David Addison Somerset PA b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartzel, Jacob Mount Pleasant Columbia PA b.~1800 PA 1850: Hartzel, Jacob Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1802 PA 1850: Hartzel, Jacob N. Addison Somerset PA b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzel, John Mahoning Montour PA b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzel, John Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1800 PA 1850: Hartzel, Martin B. Adamsburg Westmoreland PA b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartzel, Paul Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1810 PA 1850: Hartzel, Philip Plainfield Northampton PA b.~1807 PA 1850: Hartzel, Philip G. Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartzel, Samuel Gwynedd Montgomery PA b.~1805 PA 1850: Hartzel, Samuel Plainfield Northampton PA b.~1809 PA 1850: Hartzel, William Berlin Mahoning OH b.~1808 PA 1850: Hartsell, David Covington Ward 7 Kenton KY b.~1806 PA 1850: Hartsell, Isaac Norton Summit OH b.~1801 PA 1850: Hartsell, John Pokagon Cass MI b.~1805 PA 1850: Hartsell, John Monroe Perry OH b.~1803 PA 1850: Hartsell, John B. District 37 Rock Island IL b.~1802 PA 1850: Hartsell, Jonas Norton Summit OH b.~1802 PA 1850: Hartsell, Solomon S. Pokagon Cass MI b.~1805 PA 1850: Hartsell, William Van Buren Clay IN b.~1807 PA 1850: Hartsell, William Township 13 NR2W Mercer IL b.~1800 PA 1850: Hartsell, Wm. Hilltown Bucks PA b.~1800 PA 1850: Hartsell, David Waterloo Fayette IN b.~1805 VA < David 1850: Hartsell, Hyram District 10 Blount TN b.~1807 VA < Hyram 1850: Hartsel, John Unity Westmoreland PA b.~1802 PA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------43 1860: Hartzell, Abraham Moline Rock Island IL b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartzell, John Buckeye Stephenson IL b.~1801 PA 1860: Hartzell, Adam Franklin Des Moines IA b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartzell, John District 3 Baltimore MD b.~1801 PA 1860: Hartzell, Adam Cleveland Ward 10 Cuyahoga OH b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzell, William Berlin Mahoning OH b.~1806 PA 1860: Hartzell, Henry Deerfield Portage OH b.~1802 PA 1860: Hartzell, Geo. Lexington Stark OH b.~1802 PA 1860: Hartzell, Isaac Alliance Stark OH b.~1803 PA 1860: Hartzell, F. Howland Trumbull OH b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzell, M.B. Birmingham Allegheny PA b.~1808 PA 1860: Hartzell, Daniel Lurgan Franklin PA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzell, Jonas Aleppo Greene PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzell, Adam South Whitehall Lehigh PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzell, Danl Wilkes Barre Luzerne PA b.~1805 PA 1860: Hartzell, Henry Bratton Mifflin PA b.~1807 PA 1860: Hartzell, John Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzell, Jacob Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1802 PA 1860: Hartzell, Daniel Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzell, Jacob Bethlehem Northampton PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzell, Joseph Bethlehem Northampton PA b.~1802 PA 1860: Hartzell, John Bushkill Northampton PA b.~1808 PA 1860: Hartzell, Peter Williams Northampton PA b.~1805 PA 1860: Hartzell, Micheal Newport Perry PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzell, Samuel Wheatfield Perry PA b.~1806 PA 1860: Hartzell, Jacob N. Lower Turkeyfoot Somerset PA b.~1801 PA 1860: Hartzell, D. A. Storrs Hamilton OH b.~1802 VA < D. A. 1860: Hartzel, Jonas Winfield Scott IA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzel, David Baltimore Ward 18 Baltimore MD b.~1808 PA 1860: Hartzel, William Berlin Mahoning OH b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzel, Henry Butler Adams PA b.~1806 PA 1860: Hartzel, Jacob Allegheny Ward 2 Allegheny PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzel, John Wayne Armstrong PA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzel, Jacob Colerain Bedford PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzel, George Kutztown Berks PA b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartzel, Wm. Reading,Southwest Ward Berks PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzel, Paul H. Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzel, Henry Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartzel, Jacob Middlesex Butler PA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzel, Jacob Mount Pleasant Columbia PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartzel, Michael Hatfield Montgomery PA b.~1804 PA 1860: Hartzel, Charles Delaware Northumberland PA b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartzel, Henry West Penn Schuylkill PA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartsell, William Maine Linn IA b.~1800 PA 1860: Hartsell, Solomon S. Pokagon Cass MI b.~1805 PA 1860: Hartsell, John Pokagon Cass MI b.~1808 PA 1860: Hartsell, Geo. Salem Columbiana OH b.~1810 PA 1860: Hartsell, David Monroe Perry OH b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartsell, Isaac Norton Summit OH b.~1802 PA 1860: Hartsell, David Jennings Fayette IN b.~1805 VA < David 1860: Hartsel, Henry Etna Kosciusko IN b.~1809 PA 1860: Hartsel, Geo. Locust Columbia PA b.~1804 PA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------52 1870: Hartzell, Abram --- Jefferson CO b.~1805 PA 1870: Hartzell, Adam Franklin Des Moines IA b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartzell, Daniel Wilkes Barre Ward 1 Luzerne PA b.~1805 PA 1870: Hartzell, Daniel Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1804 PA 1870: Hartzell, David Baltimore Ward 14 Baltimore MD b.~1810 PA 1870: Hartzell, George Baltimore Ward 13 Baltimore MD b.~1803 PA 1870: Hartzell, Henry Butler Adams PA b.~1807 PA 1870: Hartzell, Henry Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1808 PA 1870: Hartzell, Henry Deerfield Portage OH b.~1801 PA 1870: Hartzell, Isaac Alliance Stark OH b.~1803 PA 1870: Hartzell, Jacob District 3 Baltimore MD b.~1807 PA 1870: Hartzell, Jacob Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1802 PA 1870: Hartzell, Jacob M. Lower Turkeyfoot Somerset PA b.~1800 PA 1870: Hartzell, John Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1800 PA 1870: Hartzell, John Easton Lehigh Ward Northampton PA b.~1808 PA 1870: Hartzell, Jonas Sr. Greenville Darke OH b.~1803 PA 1870: Hartzell, Joseph Bethlehem Northampton PA b.~1802 PA 1870: Hartzell, M. B. Birmingham Allegheny PA b.~1810 PA 1870: Hartzell, Micheal Phil. Ward 21 Dist.69 Philadelphia PA b.~1805 PA 1870: Hartzell, Paul Rockhill Bucks PA b.~1810 PA 1870: Hartzell, Peter Williams Northampton PA b.~1808 PA 1870: Hartzell, Samuel Nescopeck Luzerne PA b.~1810 PA 1870: Hartzell, William Van Buren Clay IN b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartzel, Charles Delaware Northumberland PA b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartzel, Daniel Fannet Franklin PA b.~1802 PA 1870: Hartzel, George Johnstown Ward 3 Cambria PA b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartzel, George Locust Columbia PA b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartzel, Jacob Washington Stark OH b.~1808 PA 1870: Hartzel, John Pleasant Perry OH b.~1804 PA 1870: Hartzel, Jonas Davenport Scott IA b.~1804 PA 1870: Hartzel, Samuel Ross Monroe PA b.~1809 PA 1870: Hartsell, David Monroe Perry OH b.~1808 PA 1870: Hartsell, Isaac Norton Summit OH b.~1801 PA 1870: Hartsell, Jacob Mount Pleasant Columbia PA b.~1800 PA 1870: Hartsell, Jonathan Pokagon Cass MI b.~1801 PA 1870: Hartsell, Soloman S. Pokagon Cass MI b.~1806 PA 1870: Hartsell, George District 8 Blount TN b.~1809 VA < George --------------------------------------------------------------------------------37 1880: Hartzell, Adam Cleveland Cuyahoga OH b.~1810 PA 1880: Hartzell, Jonas Greenville Darke OH b.~1803 PA 1880: Hartzell, George Bloom Seneca OH b.~1809 PA 1880: Hartzell, Isaac Lexington Stark OH b.~1803 PA 1880: Hartzell, Adam Franklin Des Moines IA b.~1809 PA 1880: Hartzell, Jacob West Liberty Muscatine IA b.~1801 PA 1880: Hartzell, Jacob Baltimore Baltimore MD b.~1805 PA 1880: Hartzell, Samuel Nescopeck Luzerne PA b.~1810 PA 1880: Hartzell, John T. Easton Northampton PA b.~1808 PA 1880: Hartzel, Henry Deerfield Portage OH b.~1802 PA 1880: Hartzel, John Buckeye Stephenson IL b.~1801 PA 1880: Hartzel, Henry Middletown Adams PA b.~1807 PA 1880: Hartzel, Paul H. Rock Hill Bucks PA b.~1810 PA 1880: Hartzel, Jacob Marlborough Montgomery PA b.~1802 PA 1880: Hartzel, Daniel Upper Salford Montgomery PA b.~1804 PA 1880: Hartzel, Samuel Wheatfield Perry PA b.~1805 PA 1880: Hartsell, John Pleasant Perry OH b.~1805 PA 1880: Hartsell, David Monroe Perry OH b.~1807 PA 1880: Hartsell, Isaac Shelbyville Shelby IN b.~1810 PA 1880: Hartsell, Solomon S. Pokagon Cass MI b.~1806 PA 1880: Hartsell, William Maine Linn IA b.~1804 PA 1880: Hartsel, Jonas Davenport Scott IA b.~1803 PA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
Who else could Adam's 2 youngest sons be?In the 1810 Franklin County, Virginia census, Adam's household shows 3 males under 10 years old. We already know the oldest of the three was Leonard, born 2nd half of 1799 in Pennsylvania, and age 9 for the 1810 census. In Adam's household in the 1820 Montgomery County, Ohio census, there was a male 16-26 years old (Leonard, age 19), another male 16-26 years old (under 19), and a male 10-16 years old (David?). This youngest male would have been up to 6 years old in 1810. In the 1830 Montgomery County, Ohio census for Adam, Leonard was married and in his own household, and there were two males 20-29 years old (census taker marked 30-39). Logic says these two youngest are still the same ones as in 1810 and 1820. (In the 1840 Census, Adam and Christina are not to be found.) In 1832, Leonard was in Rush County, Indiana. David's future wife Barbara Nipp had arrived in Rush County in 1831, and was nine miles from Leonard. In 1836, David married Barbara.
Was David "taken in" by Adam?I have also considered this possiblity, of course, but have found no likely situation.
Adam was in Virginia shortly after 1799. A male child under 10 years old was in Adam's household in 1810 (actually there were three). This child could have been born in 1805, after Adam arrived in Virginia. He could have been a son, or someone else's orphaned child, either a Hartzell or some other surname.
In the 1850 and later censuses, I have fairly often seen children listed with a last name different from the head of household. My feeling is that children who were taken in generally kept their original last names. David Hartzell was 4 1/2 years old in 1810. Franklin County Virginia was 300 miles from the family area in York (now Adams) County, Pennsylvania. We have found no other Hartzell families in Virginia. Who could have delivered an orphaned Hartzell baby or young child to Adam from Pennsylvania to Virgina between 1805 and 1810?
At first look, Adam's brother Abraham married Eve Houtz in 1796 in Franklin County, VA. There is no sign of her after that. Was David a son of Abraham and Eve? No, because Abraham took off for Ohio before 1798, and bought land there in 1804.
Adam's cousin George Hartzell was in Virginia by 1809. George was born about 1785 in Pennsylvania. It is possible that George, age about 24, could have brought someone's orphaned young Hartzell child with him. He himself married in 1809, but if he brought the child, the child stayed with Adam.
Any other Hartzell family in 1830 Ohio:The only reference that David Hartzell was in Ohio is in a Biographical Sketch for David's son James A. Hartsell in the "1910 Shelby County History". It says "(David) having made his way there (to Indiana) from Ohio". Then we have David's marriage in 1836 Fayette County, Indiana. This means we should find other possibilites for David's father in the 1830 Ohio Census.
In the 1830 Ohio census, beside Adam Hartzell, here are all the other Hartzell (various spellings) households with a male 20-29 years old (David was 24) who was not the head of household. Ancestry.com indexing was used.
John Hartsel, age 40-49, Perry County, Clayton Twp., 3 males 20-29.
For the household of Raney Hartzel, there was a female 50-59. Widow? Raney could have been David's older brother, and David was in the household. There were younger children in the household, from under 5 to 15-19. Seems like the father died.
1840: John Hartsel, age 60-69, Perry County, Clayton Twp., 1 male 15-19.
To do... track these families into 1840, 1850.
Daniel Hartzell, the name in the old Bible:David Hartzell's granddaughter Minnie Alberta (Hartsell) Hart inherited an old, leather-bound Bible, with leather straps. It was probably after her father James Alexander Hartsell died in 1910. She had married in 1902. In the Bible, she wrote "Property of Great Grand Father Hartsell". Someone else, maybe James' wife Sophronia, wrote "From Daniel Hartsell to David Hartsell to James Hartsell to Minnie A. Hart". For many years, it was assumed by most of the family that Daniel was David's father. I thought maybe a cousin, or that he wasn't a Hartsell, like his Indiana neighbors Daniel Guise or Daniel Fiant. What seemed like unreliable family folklore now seems to be an incredibly important clue, both for the ancestry of David Hartsell, and for Adam Hartzell's unidentified son.
Minnie most certainly meant HER great-grandfather, which would be Adam Hartzell. It seems she, like everyone else, did not know his given name. Adam is presumed to have died around 1832, thus David Hartzell's children, born after that, never knew their grandfather Hartsell. David's grandson William Webster Hartsell, a lawyer, surely knew about his sister's Bible, and knew that Daniel was not David's father, because of his "Ferdinand" notes told by his aunt Sarah (Hartsell) Walden. Plus, David's great-grandson Donald V. Hartzell, born 1912, who researched family genealogy, did not know who Daniel was. It would make the most sense that a brother named Daniel gave David their father's Bible, and with a reason to do so. A Daniel born about 1801 in Virginia, with a reason for being hard to find. Plus, David's children were far more likely to remember an Uncle Daniel.
In the 1830 Census for Jefferson Township, Montgomery County, Ohio, in the household of
Adam Hartzell, there are two males 30-39 years old. We had thought they were
live-in farm hands, but Adam didn't own land (he could have been renting land),
so it didn't make sense. Since David, age
24, (and Daniel?, age 28) were unmarried, it is more logical that they were still at home.
After noticing many corrections on that census page (see image below),
it is very easy to believe the census taker mismarked 20-29 years old.
If the other male was Daniel, it all falls into place. Daniel being the oldest of the
two, "inherited" the Bible when their father died. Nothing was written in the
Bible as customary, so it may not have been a "coveted" family heirloom. Since Daniel
appears to have never married, and having no heirs, he gave the Bible to David.
David had children as of 1837. David lived near Connersville,
Indiana until 1860, then moved to Illinois, and died in 1865.
The Ferdenand Hartsell mystery:William Webster Hartsell and Sarah (Sade) Walden (d/o David Hartell) made a trip to Connersville, probably in the 1920's according to my dad's cousin Don Hartzell. William made notes about tombstones. On another sheet with the tombstone notes is "Ferdenand Hartzell (was father of David Hartzell and Grandfather of James A. Hartsell), born in Germany (E. Prussia), lived and died in Virginia. Frederick Hartzell, son of Ferdenand Hartzell".
William apparently got "Ferdenand" from his aunt Sarah on that 1920's trip. If anything had been written down before this, Don Hartzell would have found it. Sarah was 10 when her father David died in 1865. In the 1920's she was the only living child of David Hartzell. I rank her interest and recollection higher than Sophronia's. Sophronia was 14 when David died, and married James A. Hartsell 3 years later. She most likely knew less about David's father and/or would have been less interested than Sarah.
So, where could the name "Ferdenand" and "East Prussia" have come from?
Adam Hartzell died about 20 years before granddaughter Sarah was born. Again, Sarah was 10 when her father David Hartzell died. For someone with probably only a vague recollection of things she heard as a child, or even misconstrued information when she was older, I now think Ferdenand was actually Abraham. I believe Abraham and Frederick Hartsell were very likely Adam's brothers. For East Prussia, it kind of stands out to remember something like that. This could be Christina Sink's father and/or grandfather. If her father was Micheal Zink/Sink, he came from Germany as a child with his father Henry Zinck, and could very well have spoken broken English. They could have come from East Prussia. The Zinck name does seem to have occurrences in East Prussia. All this is further evidence that David's parents were Adam and Christina Hartzell.
The Adam Hartzell family:Most or all of the Philip & Adam Hartzell families moved from York (now Adams) County, Pennsylvania to Franklin County, Virginia in or after 1792. Philip bought land in 1792 (see References for "Hartzell Land in Virginia"). Adam may have waited until after 1799, because his son Leonard was born in Pennsylvania in 1799. But, 1810 is five years after David's birth, and some other Hartzell family could have come & gone anywhere in Virginia during this time. The only Hartzell families in the 1820 Virginia census were Philip (Adam's father) and Jacob (Philip's son, who married Hannah Capper).
The 1810 Virginia Census shows a Philip Heartsell, Adam Heartsell, and George Heartsell, all in Franklin County, Virginia. All mispelled the same, suggesting the same Census taker (Philip's has an "a" as a correction, changing it from Hertsell to Heartsell). Philip was Adam's father. George is described separately below.
In Adam's household there are 3 males under 10 years old. David would have been 4 years old in the summer.
"The Hartzell Ancestral Line" says Adam had a son named David who married Margaret Nieval in 1830. This is one of the many errors. It also says Adam had a son named George who married Margaret Yaughey in 1834 in Montgomery County Ohio. This detail is an error because the George who married Margaret was born in 1812 in Ohio, 3 years before the Adam Hartzell family arrived.
In 1815, the Adam Hartzell family moved to the area of Ellerton, Ohio, in Montgomery County, most likely part of the migration from Franklin County Virginia to this area.
Adam Hartzell's brother Abraham:In our family folklore there is a childhood memory of David's father being "Ferdenand", which sounds a little like "Abraham". This Abraham would have been David's uncle. The 1882 History of Montgomery County, Ohio by W. H. Beers & Company has "The first white settlers came to [German] township in the year 1798, from Kentucky, ... but some of these were of Virginia. The names are as follows ... Abraham Hartzel. These people were not actual settlers, but squatters only. As soon as the land was offered for sale, some purchased. On the west side of the [site of Gettersburg] were two tracts, each of sixty acres. ... the southern one was entered by Abraham Hartzel." Abraham seems to have roamed around and came back later to Ellerton to see the John Hartzell family living there then, and he stayed on with them. He was buried at Ellerton in May 1842.
Adam Hartzell's brother Frederick:Recollections of David Hartzell's daughter Sarah said David had a brother named Frederick. Adam Hartzell had a brother named Frederick, who would have been an uncle to David. Frederick died about the time that Sarah was born.
The 1830 ancestry.com Census index (Soundex spelling) for the entire U.S. shows only
Frederick Hartsell, Decatur Twp., Marion Co., Indiana.
According to his age in the 1850 Census, Frederick was born about 1785 in Pennsylvania. Frederick was in Butler County, Ohio before 1810, where he married Sarah Houghman November 10, 1810 (IGI records). Butler County is next to Montgomery County. This means Frederick arrived in the area before his cousin George Hartzell. Frederick's oldest son Peter was born in Ohio, presumably Butler County, about 1811 (1860 Iowa Census, Keokuk County). Frederick was still in Butler County, Wayne Township, Ohio, in 1820 (Census). In 1830, Frederick was in Marion County, Perry Township, Indiana, near Indianapolis. He would have passed through Union, Fayette, and Rush counties to get there. Still there in 1840, as was Frederick's son Peter, nearby. Peter married a woman named Felista about 1842. The family moved to Keokuk County, Iowa between 1850-55, because Frederick died there in 1855, and Peter is in the 1860 Census for Keokuk County.
Frederick could have been another influence on Leonard & David Hartzell's migration to Fayette and Rush Counties, Indiana. He may have made visits to Ellerton, Ohio to see his brother Adam. Perhaps David was there, too.
Adam Hartzell's son John:John married Susannah Heck in 1819 in Montgomery County, Ohio. David Hartzell would be a brother of John. John named three of his sons David, Leonard, and George. This may or may not be a major clue, that John's son was named after his brother David. It seems John stayed in Ohio, because in later years, John's uncle Abraham lived with him in Ellerton (Hartzell Ancestral Line).
John's son John named a son Daniel in 1843, according to the 1850 Census for Wabash Co. IN. Was he named after his uncle Daniel?
Adam's daughters Kate & Betsy:Kate (m. __ Burlachers/Murlachers) and Betsy (m. Moses Rentfrow) had moved to Koscuisko County, Indiana, between Fort Wayne and South Bend, near Knightstown. They are buried near each other in Syracuse Cemetery. These are more of the family members who moved from Ellerton, Ohio.
Adam, Adam, Adam:Beside Adam Hartzell son of Philip, there are three related Adams of interest.
Adam Hartzell, son of George and Susannah (Toney) Hartzell:
Adam Hartzell, son of Leonard and Delilah (Weiss) Hartzell:
Adam Alexander, son of James and Catherine (Hartzell) Alexander:
There is more on these Adams below.
David Hartzell in 1820, 1830:David would have been the youngest son of Adam. The 1820 Montgomery County, Ohio census shows as the two youngest a male 18-25 years old, and a male 10-15 years old (David was 14). The 1830 Montgomery County, Ohio census shows two males 30-39 years old (12th line down), too old to be David and his next older brother. After years of searching for David's 1830 whereabouts, it is my feeling that he was still at home in 1830 in Montgomery County, Ohio. While looking at the page of the census, I noticed the census taker had made many corrections. I now believe the wrong column was marked, and that it should have been age 20-29 (see census page below). David was 24 years old. The unknown male would have been born 1800-1802, going by his age in the 1810 and 1820 census. Being the youngest, David most likely was providing for his aging parents. Since no record has been found of Adam buying land, they were probably farm laborers. Quite often, the youngest is faced with taking care of the parents. This would explain why David married relatively late (age 30). Adam (and Christina?) seemed to have died early in the 1830's, possibly in the cholera epidemic. About this time, David moved west into Indiana. Leonard also left, so their parent's death may have been the reason to move. (This timing gives more evidence of David's ancestry.)
1830 Census, Jefferson Township, Montgomery County, Ohio, page 235.
Notice the corrections. Adam Hartsell, age 60-69, is halfway down the page.
Adam's sons Leonard Hartsell and John Hartsell are near the bottom.
A little above them is John Heck, possible brother of John Hartsell's wife Susanna Heck.
The George Hartzell connection:George Hartzell provides the most important link of David Hartzell to the Adam Hartzell family. David, living in Fayette County, Indiana in 1837, named his first son James Alexander Hartzell. George, in neighboring Union County, Indiana had a son-in-law named James Alexander (last name Alexander). George also married into the Toney family, linking him to the Toney family vicinity in Franklin County, Virginia.
From "Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia", George Hartzell married Susannah Toney on March 28, 1809 in Franklin County, Virginia. James Toney was surety for Susannah's marriage. Usually it is the father, so James was presumbably Susannah's father. This marriage date is consistent with daughter Catherine's birthdate of 1811. From correspondence with Rev. Merle Rummel (The Virginia Settlement), this James Toney may be the one who stayed behind in Virginia when the other Toneys went to Ohio/Indiana.
In the 1810 Franklin County census, after his 1809 marriage, George Heartsell is listed 8 names from Adam Heartsell (p. 592). Depending on the census taker's route, Adam and George could have been next door neighbors. George appears to be a son of Philip Hartzell's brother John, and he was the George of 1830 Union County Indiana who's son-in-law was James Alexander. More on this below. In 1813, there was communication between Philip Hartzell and his brother John, where Philip in Virginia wrote a letter to John in Pennsylvania, as mentioned by their brother Jonas in his 1816 letter to Philip. George named his first two children Catherine and John, presumably after his parents, John and Catherine (Schneider) Hartzell of Northampton County, PA, who married in 1781. George would have been the oldest son, thus getting first dibs at naming his children after the parents. George named his second son Adam, which is very significant. George probably lived in Adam's household before his marriage in 1809. Cousin George was about 20 years younger than Adam, and was probably like a son to Adam - and like a brother to David.
From "History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa (Chicago: O.L. Baskin, 1883)", p. 83, George's daughter Catherine was born in Virginia. She was born about 1811 according to our analysis. This verifies George Hartzell being in Virginia at that time.
George was apparently still in Virginia at least in the first half of 1819. According to the 1850 Census for Platte County, Missouri, George's second daughter Frances (m. Merrel Davis Aug. 13, 1834 in Union Co., IN) was born in Virginia. In 1850 she was 31 years old, thus born late 1818 or early 1819.
By 1818, in Franklin County, Virginia, a George Hartzell had land next to the Toney's, and next to land that Adam's son Jacob Hartzell bought in 1818. Jacob's land was also next to John Webster's and on the Blackwater River. This is from Jacob's 1818 deed. This George must be the George of this section. Previously, I thought it was the one who married Nancy Goode in 1823 in Franklin County, VA, but it seemed odd he owned land 5 years before marrying. The younger George could have been a son of Adam Hartzell.
George moved to what was to become Union County, Indiana before the 1820 Census. He is in the 1820 Indiana Census for Wayne County, apparently the part that became Union County later on. His last name is spelled "Harzell", but the ancestry.com index has it as "Harsell". Nearby is listed Paul, Philip, Philip, John, and Jacob Lybrook; Jacob Kingery, Edmund Moss, and Edmund Moss Jr., all from Franklin County, Virginia. In George's household were one male under 10, one male 26-45 (George), two females under 10, 1 female 10-16, and one female 26-45 (Susannah).
Below is the area of George Hartzell (section 24) in 1820 Union County, Indiana, between Edmund Moss and William Moss (at Four Mile Church).
By permission of Rev. Merle C. Rummel, "The Virginia Settlement".
In Nov. 1826, George Hartsell of Union County, Indiana, was witness to the will of a John Stanley. The 1820 census shows John Stanley 3 names below George, then other Stanleys. Also witnessing was Abram/Abraham/Hiram Moss.
In 1828, George Hartzell bought 160 acres in SW 1/4 Section 24 of Harrison Township, Union County, Indiana. He bought it from Micheal Snider. On the 1820 map partly shown above, at www.union-county.lib.in.us/GenwebVA4mile/1820%20Map.htm, it shows Micheal Snider there on the map, and James Toney nearby on the west. In 1850 it was quitclaimed to Adam Hartsel (George's son) by George's heirs in 1850. The SW corner of his land was 1.5 miles east of Kitchell and 1/2 mile from the Ohio border. The Four Mile Church was at the southwest tip of George's land. He was most likely a member of the church.
George Hartzell died in late 1830. He was apparently a shoemaker because in his estate were a "lot of shoemaking tools". His will left half his estate to his wife Susannah, and the other half to son-in-law James Alexander. In 1834 Abram Moss is listed as an executor for George's will, and in 1839 a Hiram Moss is listed as guardian of three of George's minor heirs.
There is more on George Hartzell below.
The James Alexander connection:Most people in those days named their children, especially their firstborn, after a relative or after someone special. David & Barbara Hartzell's choice of "James Alexander Hartsell" for their firstborn son is very curious, a double coincidence. There is no one named James or Alexander in the known ancestry of Adam Hartzell. There was a James Alexander who married Catherine Hartzell in Union County, Indiana in 1827. (From "Genealogical Sources Reprinted from the Genealogy Section, Indiana Magazine of History", page 26.) Union County is adjacent to Fayette County on the east. Catherine was the daughter of George and Susannah (Toney) Hartzell, who married in Franklin County, Virginia in 1809. Catherine was born in Franklin County, Virginia in 1811. Another double coincidence, James & Catherine named their 4th and 5th sons David and Adam. This sounds like our single most important clue linking David Hartzell to Adam Hartzell, BUT we have to be honest and wonder if they named Adam after "David's father" Adam, or George Hartzell's son Adam (Catherine's brother). They named their 1st son John, probably after Catherine's grandfather John Hartzell, and their 2nd son George, probably after Catherine's father George Hartzell. The 3rd son was named Thomas, connection unknown.
The Sink-Toney family connection:Here could an explanation for the "broken English" story in my family.
Adam Hartzell's wife was Christina Sink. The Sink family had connections to the Toney family. Susannah Toney's (wife of George Hartzell) uncle Jesse Toney married Frony "Fanny" Sink, daughter of Stephen Sink. Stephen Sink lived around 6 miles east of Rocky Mount, VA, and around 12 miles SE of Philip Hartzell. Adam Hartzell, and Stephen's brother Abraham Sink, were both born at about the same time in Northampton County PA (1762-65). Both Abraham Sink and Philip Hartzell settled near each other in Franklin County VA in 1792 (Abraham "on a branch of Mill Creek"). This makes it a strong possibility that Christina Sink was a younger sister of Stephen and Abraham. The known children of Micheal Sink span 10 years, so there must have been more. Micheal Sink's father was Henry Zinck, born 1698 in Germany, and immigrated to America in 1725. This Sink family also had apparent connections with the Sinks family of North Carolina, and thus a possible connection with the North Carolina George Sinks who settled in Montgomery County Ohio in 1804, where the Adam Hartzell family settled in 1815. For more on the Sink connection, go to www.jdhartsell.com/Sink.
Blackwater River Valley, Franklin County, Virginia:The following material is to connect David Hartzell to the families from Adam Hartzell's area in Virginia.
In the 1810 Franklin County, Virginia census, names near the Hartzells were Luke Webster, Samuel Webster, John Webster, James McVey, Edmon Moss, William Acres, Gibson, Kingery, Fishburn, and Huston. (As we will see later, the Lybrooks, Toneys, and Millers had already left.) From the Settlement Map of Franklin County (below), these names indicate that they were located in the Blackwater River Valley just west of Cahas Mountain (top left corner of map), and about five miles west of Boones Mill. The Blackwater Chapel may have been their church.
Part of Franklin County, Virgina; Settlement Map (see References).
Width of map above is 18 miles.
Franklin County, Virginia migration to Preble County, Ohio"The Virginia Settlement or The Four Mile Church of the Brethren" by Rev. Merle C. Rummel tells how the people who lived around Adam & George Hartzell in Franklin County, Virginia migrated to the Four Mile Creek area of Preble County, Ohio area beginning in 1803. "This was the first settlement of the Virginia Colony, the migration from Franklin County, VA to the Four Mile. In 1806 a trail was run due west from Eaton, Ohio to the Indiana state line, it angled across Union County, Indiana to the river crossing town of Brownsville, and from there to Conner's Trading Post, Connersville."
As early as 1805, many Franklin County, VA neighbors of Adam Hartzell had migrated to Preble County, OH, and Union (then Wayne) County, IN. There was also movement between there and Montgomery County, Ohio.
Elder Jacob Miller, neighbor of William Toney in Franklin County, VA, arrived at the Miami River Valley (Dayton, Ohio area) in 1802. There is a Jacob Miller cemetery about three miles northeast of Ellerton, in Jefferson Township, Montgomery County, Ohio. In 1806, Phillip Lybrook, another Virginia neighbor of William Toney, was in Union County, Indiana. In 1820 Phillip's daughter Sarah married James Toney, also of Franklin County, VA, in Union County, Indiana. James Toney was a grandson of William and Margaret (Sutherland) Toney. There were marriages between the Lybrook, Kingery, Toney, Moss, Webster, McVey, Miller, Capper and Henderson families, all from the Blackwater River Valley area of Franklin County, Virginia.
By 1850, David Hartzell was living near or on the land he bought in 1853. A close neighbor was Daniel Fiant, of the Four Mile Church, who in 1802 squatted in Indian territory in what was to become Union/Fayette County. Daniel was from Berks Co. PA. In 1820, Daniel was in Brownsville, Fayette County. In 1830 he was still in Fayette County. In 1840 Daniel was in Waterloo Township, Fayette County, near David's land. The 1853 plat map shows his name in SW 1/4, Section 16, Waterloo Township. In 1850, David Hartzell lived a half mile away. Also Daniel Gise was next door. In 1840, Daniel Fiant was 60-69 years old.
The Lybrook Indiana-Virginia connection:There is another Harrison Township, Union County, Indiana connection to Franklin County, Virginia.
On Oct. 25, 1820, in Union County Indiana, James Toney (b. 1798 in Franklin Co. VA) married Sarah Lybrook (b. 1803 in Franklin Co. VA). Sarah was the daughter of Phillip and Anna (Miller) Lybrook who lived just west of William Toney in Franklin County, VA. Phillip Lybrook first went to Union County, Indiana around 1805. James Toney was the son of Carey and Elizabeth (Doran) Toney (IGI record).
This goes on and on: Joseph Alexander, brother of James Alexander, married Catherine Kingery of Franklin County, Virginia. For a huge amount of information, see below in References the link to "The Virginia Settlement or The Four Mile Church of the Brethren".
The 1850 Indiana census shows James and Sarah (Lybrook) Toney in Harrison Township, Union
County, IN. Next household is Poindexter (age 24) and Amanda (age 17) Toney.
George Hartzell, continued:In the 1830 Harrison Township, Union County, Indiana Census, George Hartzell is surrounded by neighbors with the surnames Toney, Lybrook, Kingery, Moss, and Miller. These are all people from the Blackwater River Valley in Franklin County, Virginia, about 5 miles east of Boones Mill.
The following are listed in order of how they appear in the 1830 Census, according to the census taker's route:
James Toney, age 30-39, wife Sarah Lybrook
Now, this is amazing. For George Hartzell, the 1810 Virginia census shows his next door neighbor was Edmund Moss. In the 1830 Union County, Indiana census, his next door neighbor was the SON of Edmund - Elder William Moss. William was an elder in the Four Mile Church.
The Four Mile Church, at the southwest corner of George Hartsell's land, was the Church of the Brethren, mentioned heavily in Rev. Rummel's work.
Rush County, Indiana, where David Hartzell met Barbara Nipp:These are the townships in the north half of Rush County. This will help you in the sections below.
+------------------------------+------------------------------+------------------------------+ | RIPLEY TOWNSHIP | CENTER TOWNSHIP | WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP | | | | | | <- 6 miles -> | <- 6 miles -> | <- 6 miles -> | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Leonard X| | Raleigh | | [#] Hartzell |X Leonard | [#] | | Carthage 1840 | Hartzell | Nellie Hartzell | | | 1832 | grave, 1865 | | | | Nipp children's graves | | | \ | 1855,1865 | | | Leonard to George | | | | 9 miles | | | | \ | | | | \ | | +------------------------------+------------------------+-----+------------------------------+ | | JACKSON TOWNSHIP | UNION TOWNSHIP | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | +-----+ John Nipp, | | | | s/o George, | | | | married 1836 | | | | | | | |X George Nipp | | +------------------------------+-+ 1837; sold 1841 | | | George Nipp X | Barbara Nipp | | | 1823, sold 1825| this area 1835 | | | [#] | | | | Rushville | | | | | | +------------------------------+ +----------------------------+ | | RUSHVILLE TOWNSHIP | | | | | | | | +-+ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | +------------------------------+------------------------------+ |
The Leonard Hartzell - Rush County, Indiana connection:Price and Glenn Hartzell (Paul Swan's Hartzell Chapter) say Adam had a son named Leonard. Various sources say he was born in 1799 in Pennsylvania.
Biographical Sketch of Leonard Hartzell
The biography quoted below is about William R. Smith, and appears on pages 861-862 of a book called Past and Present of Bureau County [Illinois], by George B. Harrington, printed by Pioneer Publishing Co., Chicago, 1906.
The narrative says Leonard and Delilah (Weiss) Hartzell were "Pennsylvania Dutch people" who "removed from Ohio to Rush County, Indiana, and subsequently to Wabash County, that state, where they remained until the death of the wife and mother in 1847. Mr. Hartzell [Leonard] afterward removed to Iowa, where he died in 1878, at the age of 80 years. He followed farming as a life work and owned a good tract of land in Indiana."
In his family were 11 children:
The 1830 Montgomery County Ohio census shows for the Leonard Hartsell family:
Daughter Nancy was born in 1832 in Indiana (presumably in Rush County).
Leonard Hartzell doesn't appear in the 1840 Indiana census, but we have:
The 1850 Wabash County Indiana census shows:
The Barbara Nipp - Rush County, Indiana connection:To make a long story short, David's future wife Barbara Nipp was most likely living in Rush County, just west of Fayette County Indiana, with her presumed uncle George Nipp. She had come to Indiana in 1831 from Wythe County Virginia. As noted above, we have land records that show Leonard & wife Delilah were in Rush County in Sept. 1832. Leonard had to pass through Union and Fayette Counties, and it is likely he stopped at George Hartsell's place in Union County. To explain how David met Barbara in Rush County, David may have gone with Leonard at this time. They would have passed through Connersville, probably the largest town in the three counties. George Nipp was a farmer in the summer and a shoemaker in the winter, giving him something in common with David. George and Leonard lived about 8 miles apart, and could have been going to the same church, which were few and far between in those days. Or, David could have met Barbara through her uncle George, having a common occupation, and maybe working in the same shop.
Other Nipps of Rush County, Indiana areaFrom "Rush County Indiana Marriage Record" at the Rushville Library, there are the following marriages around the marriage of Barbara Nipp. Barbara, married in Connersville, is inserted sequentially.
Nancy Nipp to Mathias S. Bovee/Govee, Sep. 9, 1824
Anna Nipp to George Short, Mar. 9, 1834
Barbara Nipp to David Hartzell, May 15, 1836 (in Connersville)
John Nipp to Catherine Goodman, Sep. 15, 1836
Martha Nipp to Elkana? Mullins, Dec. 28, 1837
From "Early Cemetery Records Prior to 1886" at the Rushville Library, there is:
Mary Nipp, daughter of John and Catherine Nipp, died Mar. 18, 1855, age 1 month, 7 days.
William Hartsell, Rush County, Indiana:William #1: This is still a mystery to me as of 2008. In 1981 I found an 1844 land sale in Ripley Township, Rush County, from Leonard Hartsell to William Addison, the recorded deed shows a William Hartsell signing with Delila (Leonard's wife). Leonard had not yet died. Leonard's son Willis, born in 1827, was 17 years old in 1844. Maybe Willis signed as William. This puzzle needs to be solved because William could be a clue to an alternate ancestry for David Hartzell, or William could be the unidentified son of Adam Hartzell. Wish I could take another look at that deed.
William #2: This William was too young to be signing papers in 1844. There is a marriage record for William Hartzell and Catherine Vickey Jan. 1, 1862 in Rush County, Indiana. This William was probably around 25 at the time, and born around 1847. His parents must have been in the area, and hopefully his father was named William. I could not find a Hartzell family in 1860 with a son about William's age. There were many Vickeys in 1860 Washington Township, Rush County, but I could not find a Catherine Vickey (before her marriage).
West to east along the north edge of Rush County is Ripley Township, Center Township, and Washington Township.
William #3: This William was born in 1834 and was not an influence on David Hartzell's presence in Rush County. There is a gravestone record for Nellie Hartzell in Washington Township, Rush County, Indiana. She died at 7 months, 2 days old, May 12, 1865, daughter of "Wm. & M. Hartzell". The parents are William B. and Margaret Hartzell. In the 1870 and 1880 Rush County Indiana Census, they were in Washington Township. In 1870 William was 35 years old, born in Pennsylvania about 1835 (too young to be signing a land record in 1844). Wife Margaret was 26. There is a son John, age 4, and a son Martin, age 2. Nellie would have been born October 10, 1864, before son John. In 1880 in their household is Margaret Vickey, age 5, born in 1875. She may have been related to Catherine (Vickey) Hartzell in the paragraph above. William's parents were born in Pennsylvania. He was a retail grocer. Going back to 1860 I found William B. Hartzell in Orange Township, Fayette County, Indiana, age 26, along with sister(?) Sarah A. Hartzell (21) living in the household of George (age 50) and Holly Spring. Martin was close to David Hartzell's age. In looking for an 1850 Hartzell family with son William age 16 and daughter Sarah age 11, I found one in Adamsburg Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania: Martin B. Hartzel, age 42, born 1808 in PA. Wife was Leah, age 39. Children were William, age 17, Martin, age 14, Sarah, age 11, Henry, age 8, Jonas, age 4, John, age 1. Note that William B. and Margaret Hartzell above named a son Martin. I checked 1860 for Martin B. Hartzel, age 52, all states. None found, so this is very likely William B. Hartzell's family. William and his sister Sarah could have been orphaned. (Westmoreland County is in the SW corner of PA.)
To be thorough, I had to investigate whether Martin B. Hartzel could be a brother of David Hartzell. Was Martin's father in Virginia around 1805, then in Westmoreland County PA in 1808?
From FamilySearch.org, there is an Individual Record for Martin Bash Hartzell, birth about 1806 in Westmoreland, PA. Wife's name was Leah Machling, daughter of Philip and Catherine (Coder) Machling.
Note in the following that I have little confidence in accuracy of Pedigree Resource Files.
From FamilySearch.org, there is a Pedigree Resource File for Martin Bash Hartzell, born 8 Jan 1807, Westmoreland, PA. Death was after 1870 in Rock River Valley, Moline, IL. Note: I could not find him in the 1870 Census for Illinois or Indiana. Martin's father was John Adam Hartzell, mother was Catherine Bash. John Adam Hartzell was born 4 Sep 1780 in Hecktown, Northampton County, PA, christened 24 Sep 1780 in Hecktown, Northampton County, and died 20 Aug 1840 in Rock River Valley, Moline, IL. John Adam Hartzell's father was Johann Adam Hartzell, mother was Anna Maria Clara Schlauch. Johann Adam Hartzell's father was Hans George Hartzell Jr., mother was Catherine Schmetzer. Going back one more generation takes us to Hans George Hartzell and wife Anna Margretha Conrad. THESE ARE ADAM HARTZELL'S GREAT-GRANDPARENTS!
In 1870, the Post Office for Washington Towhship was Carthage, in Ripley Township.
RELATIONSHIP OF DAVID HARTZELL TO MARTIN B. HARTZELL
No sign of Martin's father John Adam Hartzell ever being in Virginia.
Johann Philip Hartzell and Johann Adam Hartzell were second cousins. They were both in Bethlehem Twp., Northampton County, Pennsylvania, by 1772. David Hartzell's father, and Martin B. Hartzell's father, were both born in Bethlehem Twp. The two fathers were third cousins. David Hartzell and Martin B. Hartzell were fourth cousins. Nellie was a sixth cousin to my grandfather James Oran Hartsell. Hans George Hartzell ------------------+ b. 1686 Germany |Hans Jacob Hartzell d. 1755 PA +------------------+ Lower Saucon Twp.|b.1716 Germany |Johann Philip Hartzell Northampton Co. | +------------------+ | |b. 1743 PA |Adam Hartzell | |Northampton Co. +------------------+ | Barbel Ritter | |b. 1768 PA |David Hartzell | ----------------+ |Northampton Co. +------------------+ | | |b. 1805 VA | Christina Kreiling| |Franklin Co. | -----------------+ | | | | Christina Sink | | ------------------+ | | Johann Philip was in Bethlehem Twp. by 1772 | Adam Hartzell was born in Bethlehem Twp. | Adam moved to Franklin Co. VA after 1799 | Adam moved to Montgomery Co. OH in 1815 | Adam died after 1830, Mont. Co. OH |Hans George Hartzell +------------------+ |b.1714 Germany |Johann Adam Hartzell |d. 1767 Leigh, PA +------------------+ | |b.1747 PA |John Adam Hartzell | |Northampton Co. +------------------+ | Catherine | |b.1780 PA |Martin B. Hartzell | ----------------+ |Northampton Co. +------------------+ | Schmetzer | |b.1807 PA | Anna Maria Clara | |Westmoreland Co. | -----------------+ |m.1829 PA | Schlauch |d. aft.1870 | |Moline, IL | | Martin's son: | Catherine Bash | William B.Hartzell | ----------------+ b.1835 PA, Anna Margaretha Conrad Westmoreland Co. ------------------+ Fayette Co.IN 1860 Rush Co. IN 1870 Johann Adam was born in Lower Saucon Twp. He was in Bethlehem Twp. by 1772 Moved to Forks Twp. by 1783 (the one in the 1790 PA census) Moved to Westmoreland Co. Died 1824 Westmoreland Co. John Adam was born in Bethlehem Twp. Died 1840 Rock River Valley, Moline, IL
The Sink family connection:Members of the Sink family were also early arrivals in the Montgomery County, Ohio area. For information on them, see www.jdhartsell.com/Sink.
James Hartzell, 1840 Wythe County, Virginia:Interesting having a James Hartzell in Wythe County, since David Hartzell named his first son James, and his wife Barbara was from Wythe County. But, I can't make a connection. The 1799 Virginia Tax List does not show any Hartzells for Wythe County, or any county beside Franklin County.
In 1840, James was 40-49 years old, thus born 1791-1800, but we don't know where. James' wife was 30-39 years old. In the household was one male 5-9 (b. 1831-1835), one female 5-9, and one female 20-29 years old. James is not listed in any 1850 census.
Not found anywhere in 1830; probably not married yet if the female 20-29 was not his daughter. Not found anywhere in 1850; would be 50-59 years old; census would tell where he was born.
Toney family website:(www.toneyweb.com/exchange/jack004.htm) Dates are confusing and seemingly wrong, plus it shows Susannah born ~1762 marrying George Hartzell in 1809 (at age 47). William Toney did name his children in his will probated late 1804. These included Susannah, James and Jesse, in that order. These were in the 12 children by his third wife Margaret Sutherland. William had one son by his first wife, and two daughters by his second wife. Daughter Susannah was left part of his land, 2 feather beds, 1 cow and calf. William also named a granddaughter Susannah, leaving her 1 feather bed, 1 cow and calf, therefore she was born before 1804. After naming the land that went to his daughter Susannah, which makes it seem she was the oldest between her, James, and Jesse, the remainder was divided equally between James and Jesse. James and Jesse were executors. The Toney website shows the following birth & death dates: Susannah ~1762-????, James 1776-1861, Jesse ~1780-~1839. The 1830 Indiana census says Georges's Susannah was born 1791-1800. James was surety for Susannah Toney's marriage in 1809 to George Hartzell. If his daughter, she would have been born around 1792. The Toney website shows James married Mildred Doran 8 May 1806 in Franklin County. James Toney would have been 30 years old. Either the younger Susannah was James' daughter by a previous wife, or a niece whose parent heir had died.
This "Evidence" document assumes Susannah, wife of George Hartzell, was James Toney's daughter.
More on whereabouts of David Hartzell in 1830:Earlier searches for David Hartzell, unmarried, probably living in someone else's household, were fruitless. Just for the record, the following households do not have a male 24 years old who could have been David Hartzell:
George Hartsell, Union County, IN
Margaret Nieval:Various sources have David Hartzell marrying Margaret Neival in 1830 in Montgomery County, Ohio. This is an error.
In "Montgomery County, Ohio Marriage Journals 1803-1850", Vol. B, page 38 there is "on the 29th of April 1830 David Hetzel and Margaret Nievel". The handwritten "H" in Hetzel has a loop in all four ends, and could easily be taken as Hertzel, but other H's on the page are written the same.
From a Hillgrove Cemetery listing, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, Ohio: Row 11 - David Hetzel, born 5/4/1806, died 2/2/1891, age 84 yrs, 10 mos, 6 days; Margaret Hetzel, wife of David Hetzel, born 1808, died 9/18/1878, age 70 yrs, 5 mos, 12 days.
From various sources, I have David Hetzel, born 4 May 1806 in Rehrersburg, Berks County, PA; son of John and Catharina (Thomas) Hetzel; died 2 Feb. 1891 in Montgomery County, Ohio.
Christian Hertsel:This was a long time mystery for me until 2006. Christian Hertsel bought land in 1840 in Walker Township, Rush County, Indiana. He could provide a reason for David being in Rush County around 1835, a reason for the broken English story, and a connection to the James Alexander of Rush County. The 1850 Walker Township, Rush County Census shows Christian Hetsel, born in Germany in 1812. His oldest child was born in 1844 in Indiana, which suggests he married after David. He could at best be a cousin since he was born in Germany after David's birth in Virginia. The 1860 Walker Township, Rush County Census shows Christian Hartsel, born in France in 1812, not Germany. The 1870 Walker Township, Rush County Census shows Charles Hartsel, born in France in 1817, with same wife & children as Christian's in 1860. It's difficult to imagine confusion between Germany and France as a birthplace. Since 1860 and 1870 show France, that must have been it. Could still have been German ancestry.
Other Alexanders in the area in Indiana:In 1830 Walker Township, Rush County, James Alexander was 15-19 years old living by himself. A Thomas Alexander, age 20-29, had in his 1830 household a wife, another male age 20-29 (David was 24), and 5 sons under 10 years old. A William Alexander, age 30-39, had in his 1830 household a wife, a male age 20-29, a male 15-19, and 3 males under 10.
The 1840 Walker Township, Rush County, Census shows a James Alexander, age 60-69 (probably 62), with children 10-19 years old. There is another James Alexander, age 60-69, with children 15-19. The census shows households for other Alexanders: Robert, John, Azel, Reuben, and William.
The 1850 Walker Township, Rush County Census shows a James Alexander, age 72, born in 1778 in Virginia. He was in the household of Smith G. Alexander, age 28 (age 18 in 1840, 8 in 1830).
This is an old theory I had before discovering Christina's father could be Micheal Zinck (shown in the chart above). I left it here in case it could still be valid. Sarah's recollection of East Prussia kind of stands out. Given the other clue about speaking broken English, it is a real possibility that Sarah was recalling the father of David's mother, whose name could have been Ferdenand SINK/ZINK/ZINCK. The three Sinks that I have found in Ferdenand's generation all came from Germany, which could have been East Prussia. This would explain the broken English. The Zinck name has some origins in East Prussia. There was a Henry Zinck* who came from Germany in 1725 with his 3-year old son. He died in 1763 in Northampton County Pennsylvania, the same county where Adam was born (~1765) and lived as a child up to 1781. Henry's children's names are unknown, so one of them could have been Ferdenand. "Our" Ferdenand Sink would have been born around 1735, which would fit. Members of this family later migrated to Franklin County Virginia, where David Hartzell was born. There was a Ferdinand Sink in 1860 Philadelphia County, PA, (next to Northampton County), who could have been in David's generation. But, I leave the door open that Sarah could have been recalling Abraham and Frederick Hartzell, where "Abraham" may have sounded like "Ferdenand".
* see www-personal.umich.edu/~cgaunt/etc/Sink0416.txt
BACKGROUND OF MAJOR DISCOVERIES:
The most compelling evidence linking David Hartzell to the Adam Hartzell family is through GEORGE HARTZELL OF UNION COUNTY, INDIANA. Several big breaks came along to make this happen; things I would not otherwise have come across.
In 1981, at the Union County Recorders Office, I found an 1828 land purchase by a George Hartsell. At the time it was only a curiosity, but I jotted down the details.
Feb. 2000: I moved my website from AOL to the open internet so that people doing searches could find my info. Many people have found it and sent valuable information.
April 2000: My cousin Thelma Price-Papillo found an abstract of Union County George Hartzell's will, which named James Alexander as an executor, as an heir, and mentioned "lots of shoemaking tools". The name James Alexander was important in our case. The will also named George's wife Susannah and daughter Catherine. This opened the door to our old info about the George and Susannah who married in 1809 in Franklin County Virginia.
Feb. 2001: While searching the internet I found Paul Swan's Hartzell Chapter. This showed the family of Adam Hartzell with a son named David. It also had Adam's ancestry back to 1580 Switzerland.
March 2002: Donna Meszaros, searching the internet, found my website and sent a biographical sketch and obituary of James Alexander's son Thomas. It had James' and Catherine's marriage date, location, and that Catherine was born in Virginia about 1812. I later learned from Donna that James & Catherine named their children John, George, Thomas, Fanny, David, and Adam. Donna is descended from George Hartzell through James Alexander's son Thomas.
Sept. 2003: I rediscovered material sent to me back in May 1986 by my brother Bob Hartsell who had visited Rocky Mount, Virginia. He sent a copy of Philip Hartzell's 1792 land record and a Settlement Map of Franklin County. This showed us where people's land was in the county. Back then we were looking for "Ferdenand Hartsell", so it got filed in a different place because of the legal size paper.
Oct. 2006: I found that George Hartzell of 1830 Union County, Indiana was surrounded by Adam Hartzell's former neighbors from Franklin County, Virginia - Toney, Lybrook, Kingery, Moss and others. They were also in Preble County, Ohio. This area had links to Montgomery County, Ohio. The find of a decade!
Mar. 2007: I realized that the Daniel Hartzell mentioned in the old leather-bound Bible was most likely the next older BROTHER of David Hartzell. Still needs to be proven.
Nov. 2008: THIS WAS MAJOR. I received an email from George Neiman, descended from Adam Hartzell's son John through his mother. George's cousin Dwight Hartzell, descended through the male line, took ancestry.com's Y-DNA 48-marker test. We matched exactly.
Paul Swan's Hartzell Chapter, freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~paulrswan/. Backup copy at www.jdhartsell.com/p_swan/Hartzell_Lineage.html.
Hartzell Ancestral Line, www.jdhartsell.com/HAline/index.html, author and date unknown, from Glenn Hartzell which he received "from a cousin long ago". Contains several errors.
The Life of David Hartzell 1805-1865, by James Dwight Hartsell, www.jdhartsell.com/DavidHartzell.
Ancestry of James A. & Sophronia (Walker) Hartsell, by James Dwight Hartsell, www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/index.html.
Ferdenand Hartzell writeup, Thelma Price-Papillo, April 26, 2002, MS Word document. www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/FerdenandWriteup.doc.
George Hartzell writeup, Thelma Price-Papillo, April 2, 2002, MS Word document. www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/GeoHartzellWriteup.doc.
Settlement Map of Franklin County Virginia, Franklin County VA Historical Society, www.franklincountyvirginiahistoricalsoc.org.
Hartzell Land in Virginia: portion of Settlement Map, text of 1792 land record, etc. at www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/FranklinCoNW.html.
The Virginia Settlement or The Four Mile Church of the Brethren, by Rev. Merle C. Rummel, at www.union-county.lib.in.us/GenwebVA4mile/Table%20of%20Contents%204M.htm. Shows Franklin County VA families (Lybrook, Toney, etc.) settling in Union County, Indiana and Preble County, Ohio.
From The History of Montgomery County, Ohio by W. H. Beers & Company 1882, Jefferson Township, at brookville.dcoweb.org/twp/JeffersonHistory.html.
Sink Family History, David R. Jones, Jr., at www-personal.umich.edu/~cgaunt/etc/Sink0416.txt.
Sink/Zink families, Troutt web page, click on Surnames, Miscellaneous. freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~troutt/~troutt/.
Sink/Zink Family History (and Sink-Hartzell connection), by James Dwight Hartsell, www.jdhartsell.com/Sink.
Toney Family website, www.toneyweb.com/exchange/jack0007.htm. Most of the birth dates of William Toney's children seem to be guesses. Info may have come from "The Toney Family History", www.toneyweb.com/exchange/elma.htm, Mentioned in Joel Hager's Southern West Virginia Research, www.gencircles.com/users/hagerj/2/data/7880, Susannah Marion Toney.
Email, 24 April 2000, from Thelma Price-Papillo, on "Court Records of Union County, IN, 1821-1845", will for George Hartzell.
Genealogical Sources Reprinted from the Genealogy Section, Indiana Magazine of History, compiled by Dorothy L. Riker (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1979).
History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa (Chicago: O.L. Baskin, 1883), p. 83 (Shows that Catherine (Hartzell) Alexander was a native of Virginia). Biographical sketch reproduced at www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/HFH4.html#BIOG7.
Obituary of Thomas Carr Alexander, Oakland Acorn, 7 June 1923, Oakland, Iowa (information about parents James & Catherine Alexander). Reproduced following biographical sketch at www.jdhartsell.com/hartsell/HFH4.html#BIOG7.